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ENC 1101 - Bielecki: Citation

Resources discussed and demonstrated during Ms. Bielecki's ENC 1101 courses' library orientation, as well as composition and grammar resources

Citation: How to Quote, Summarize, and Paraphrase While Avoiding Plagiarism

Created specifically for Ms. Bielecki's ENC courses, this page covers how to use source material in your writing by quoting, summarizing, or paraphrasing with proper citation to avoid plagiarism. Because this LibGuide is designed for classes in the subject area of English, the focus is on MLA-style citation. Further down the page, find links to online writing labs (OWLs), information on how to get HCC's free tutoring in person or online, and embedded videos.

MLA Style Page Formatting

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Citing and Avoiding Plagiarism: Online Resources

RECOMMENDED:

Access the official MLA Handbook at any of our 5 campus libraries.

Read chapter 1, "Formatting Your Research Project," and chapter 4.2-4.11, "Avoiding Plagiarism," for free here. Find FAQs at style.mla.org.

 

Help from HCC's Tutors

Questions? 813-253-7741 or yborsuccess@hccfl.edu

Video or link not working? Please email URL to jbielecki@hccfl.edu.

Video or link not working? Please email URL to jbielecki@hccfl.edu.

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES:

Plagiarism, Quoting, Summarizing, Paraphrasing, Citing, and MLA Style: Videos

Embedded media or a link not working? Please email the URLs of the item and this page to jbielecki@hccfl.edu.

Bainbridge State College: "Plagiarism--How to Avoid It"
The short video below gives an easy-to-understand overview of what plagiarism is and how to use sources without plagiarizing.

Southeastern University: "How to Avoid Plagiarism in Five Easy Steps"
The short video below explains what plagiarism is and provides a five-step method to avoid it.

University of Maryland, Baltimore: "Avoiding Plagiarism"
The ten-minute video below goes into great detail and provides examples (in APA style) on how to use sources without plagiarizing.

Is this real-life plagiarism? You be the judge
The cohosts of ABC's The View talk show discuss accusations of plagiarism against Melania Trump after her 2016 Republican National Convention speech. Do you want your readers to have this attitude about what you write?

Embedded media or a link not working? Please email the URLs of the item and this page to jbielecki@hccfl.edu.

"Using Other People's Ideas" from Santiago Canyon College
The short video below explains the differences among summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting in order to avoid committing plagiarism.

"Paraphrasing Well and Avoiding Plagiarism" from University of Maryland, Baltimore
This second, longer video goes into detail about how to paraphrase correctly and provides examples of wordings that would be considered good paraphrases and others that would be considered plagiarism.

"Annoying Ways People Use Sources" from Pedagogy Pals
This video describes common problems with incorporating quotes and gives them fun labels to help you understand.

 


Video segment on using single quotation marks from "Punctuation Problem: Quotation Marks" by FYC at USF
This link provides a clip from a longer video by FYC at USF titled "Punctuation: Quotation Marks" and explains how to use single quotation marks for a quote within a quote. You can watch the full video here.



THREE WAYS TO INCORPORATE A QUOTE INTO A SENTENCE:

1. Work it into the grammar of your own sentence: 

Readers “have to identify thousands of little marks on paper” (Vonnegut 67).
(I wrote the subject; the verb is Vonnegut’s words.)

2. Add a colon after your own complete sentence: 

Readers have a tough job: “They have to identify thousands of little marks on paper” (Vonnegut 67).

3. Add a source phrase and a comma, and identify the source

Best-selling 20th-century satirical novelist and essayist Kurt Vonnegut writes, “They have to identify thousands of little marks on paper” (67).

Whenever possible, try to avoid using method #3 unless the source is well known to your audience because it means you have to identify that source so that your readers know why they should care or pay attention to what that source has to say. Notice that identifying the source in example #3 requires about half of the sentence! If my essay’s point is that writers need to consider their audiences, why is half of the sentence spent on telling them who Kurt Vonnegut was? Will they care, or will they want me to stay on topic and get to my point? (By the way, Vonnegut was pretty well known. Imagine if my source were someone whom my readers had never heard of. That would require many more words!)

Instead of using a source phrase like “Vonnegut writes,” I should keep the emphasis on my point by working the quote into the sentence in one of the other two ways. Look back at all three examples above. Do you see how the first two stick closer to the topic?

It can seem difficult to write a sentence like example #1 or #2 if you have gotten into the habit of using the #3 format for all quotes, so here are a few tips:

1.a.   Start your sentence with a transition word (“Moreover,” “Meanwhile,” “Likewise,” and other adverbs) or prepositional phrase (like “For example,” or “In addition,”) followed by a comma; then follow that with the complete-sentence quote. Here are examples:

Furthermore, “[t]hey have to identify thousands of little marks on paper” (Vonnegut 67).
For instance, “[t]hey have to identify thousands of little marks on paper” (Vonnegut 67).

1.b.   You do not have to quote a complete sentence. Write your own subject (noun or pronoun) and use only the predicate of the original sentence (the verb and any adverbs, phrases, and clauses that modify it) as in example #1 above.
2.a.   Write a complete sentence of your own making a point, but instead of a period, end it with a colon (:) followed by the quote giving an example of the point you just made as in example #2 above.

These are not the only ways to use methods #1 and #2, but I think they are some of the easiest.


Work Cited

Vonnegut, Kurt. “How to Write with Style.” IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, PC-24.2, June 1981, pp. 66-67.

Embedded videos not working? Please email the URLs of the media and this page to jbielecki@hccfl.edu.

  • Santiago Canyon College: MLA Style 
    This comprehensive video covers how to compose and format MLA-style works cited page citations.
  • McMaster University: MLA Citations
    The video below covers why to cite and how to use MLA style. (NOTE: It explains the concepts well but should italicize titles of containers!)
  • How to Find HCC Library Sources and List Them in Your Works-Cited Page
    This video shows how to use the HCC Library databases and their citation tools and format the works-cited page in MLA style. If you know how to find library sources and need only a guided demonstration of formatting the works-cited page, fast-forward to about 9:15.

Embedded videos not working? Please email the URLs of the media and this page to jbielecki@hccfl.edu.

Embedded videos not working? Please email the URLs of the media and this page to jbielecki@hccfl.edu.