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Artificial Intelligence: ChatGPT and Beyond: AI: Citing AI

How to Cite ChatGPT Responses


MLA is working on ways to cite generative AI - Check here for guidance

APA  McAdoo, T. (2023, April 7).  How to cite ChatGPT   

MLA and APA: How to reference artificial intelligence  Chart posted by Cora Yang (@CoraEdTech) and Dalton Flanagan (@desertclimber)



ChatGPT suggests: 

If you are citing an answer from ChatGPT, you can follow the general rules for citing online sources in your preferred citation style (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago).

Here is an example citation for an answer from ChatGPT in APA style:

ChatGPT. (2023, February 28). How do you cite an answer from ChatGPT? [Response to a question]. Retrieved from

In this citation, "ChatGPT" is listed as the author, followed by the date of the response (in year-month-day format). The title of the response is enclosed in quotation marks and followed by the phrase "[Response to a question]" to indicate the context. Finally, the citation includes the URL for the ChatGPT website, where the response can be found.

With her permission, another librarian, Kim Heinz, asked ChatGPT about citation in January 2023 and got a somewhat different answer.  See 

"There is no standard way to cite an answer from ChatGPT, as it is a machine learning model and not a published work. However, if you would like to reference an answer provided by ChatGPT in a research paper or academic work, you could use the following format:

"According to OpenAI's ChatGPT (OpenAI, n.d.) [insert answer provided by ChatGPT here]."

You can also include the date when the response was generated, since the model's knowledge cut off may change over time.

It is important to note that answers provided by ChatGPT are generated based on the information it has been trained on, and may not always be accurate or reliable. It is always a good idea to fact-check any information you receive from an AI model and consider the source when using it in any kind of publication."

Who's the Author?

Suggestion for Disclosure of Use of AI

Suggestion for disclosure of use of AI:

In producing this text [or image or programming code, etc.]] X [= the name of the AI-assisted tool] was used.  I controlled the AI with the following prompts: 1.______________  2. __________

From  Heinrich Niemann. Department of Schools and Education of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.  Guide available via  Dan Fitzpatrick's The AI Educator.