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Artificial Intelligence: ChatGPT and Beyond: AI: Citing AI

How to Cite ChatGPT and Other AI Responses

General guidance:  Check with your instructor before using AI in any of your assignments.  If the use of AI is permitted, check with your instructor on how you should disclose the use of AI.  For example, your instructor may want to know the specific tool you use, the prompts you used, etc. 

MLA - How do I cite generative AI in MLA style?

APA  -  How to cite ChatGPT   

Chicago Manual of Style -  FAQ  Citation, Documentation of Sources (ChatGPT)

University of Victoria Libraries. Referencing AI Generated Images

Citing your sources, including ChatGPT, in APA style

a p a references list and book

Source citations in APA style are called references.

References contain the following four elements:

  • Author - This can be a person, group of people, or an organization. Use & for multiple authors. If there is no author, start the entry with the title.
  • Date - Refers to the date of publication and is most commonly the year or an exact date (year, month, and day). Use (n.d.) for no date.
  • Title - This can be either a work that stands alone (e.g. a book) or part of a greater whole (e.g. a journal article) and should always be in sentence case.
  • Source - Indicates where readers can retrieve the cited work and could be a publisher or the title of a greater whole (e.g. a journal article and the journal name). 
Can't find some of this information for your source? Use the the APA Style website's guide to adapting Missing reference information.

Here are examples of APA References for other types of sources:


Last name, F. M. (Year, Month Date). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume Number(Issue Number), page numbers. DOI or permalink

Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 8(3), 207–217.

Last name, F. M. (Year, Month Date). Title of webpage. Publisher (if different from author). URL

Pew Research Center. (2013, March 14). Modern parenthood: Roles of moms and dads converge as they balance work and family.

Woodyatt, A. (2019, September 10). Daytime naps once or twice a week may be linked to a healthy heart, researchers say. CNN.


Username. (Year, Month Date). Title of video [Video]. YouTube. URL

Klusmanp. (2008, February 13). An engineer's guide to cats [Video]. YouTube.


Last name or username, F. M. (Year, Month Date). Title of the artwork [Format]. Title of the Website. URL

Gallup. (2012, December 50). In U.S., more cite obesity as most urgent health problem [Graphs].

Verch, M. (2019, January 23). Refined sugar and granulated sugar on white background [Photograph]. Flickr.


A personal interview is not considered recoverable data, so no reference is provided in the reference list. You may, however, cite the interview during your speech or within the text as personal communication.

(J. Smith, personal communication, August 15, 2009)

Suggestion for Disclosure of Use of AI

Suggestion for disclosure of use of AI:

In producing this text [or image or programming code, etc.]] X [= the name of the AI-assisted tool] was used.  I controlled the AI with the following prompts: 1.______________  2. __________

From  Heinrich Niemann. Department of Schools and Education of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.  Guide available via  Dan Fitzpatrick's The AI Educator. 

Who's the Author?