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Artificial Intelligence: ChatGPT and Beyond: AI and Teaching

What are some ways to incorporate AI into teaching?


AI for Teachers: An Open Textbook. Colin de la Higuera, Jotsna Iyer, AIFT. Pressbooks.  2024. Available in five languages. Focuses on training teachers in the use of AI.

AI  Pedagogy Project from the metaLAB (at) Harvard. A collection of assignments and materials inspired by the humanities, for educators curious about how AI affects their students and their syllabi

Buyserie, B. & Thurston, T.N. (Eds.) (2024). Teaching and generative AI: Pedagogical possibilities and productive tensions. Utah State University.

Learning with AI: Strategies. Jon Ippolito's list of assignments/resources/ideas

MagicSchool.AI: AI for Teachers 

Teaching with AI.  (Suggestions from OpenAI): a "guide for teachers using ChatGPT in their classroom - including suggested prompts... 

University of Central Florida STARS. Free eBook/PDF: 60+ Ideas for ChatGPT Assignments A UCF Created OER.  Authors: Kevin Yee, Kirby Whittington, Erin Doggette, Laurie Uttich



Northern Illinois University. Center for Innovative Teaching and Learning. ChatGPT and education.   An overview of ChatGPT along with information for educators; What can ChatGPT do?  What can ChatGPT NOT do? (Yet!)  What can faculty do? and more.  

University of South Australia Library.  Artificial intelligence for teaching and learning in higher education. 


Nerantzi, Chrissi. 101 Creative Ideas to Use AI in Education  - See Google SlideShare 

OpenAI.  Educator considerations for ChatGPT  

Stanford, D. (2023, July 12).  Incorporating AI in teaching: Practical examples for busy instructors. 

University of North Dakota.  AI Assignment Library (ChatGPT and other generative AI) 


Anders, B. [Suggestions via Twitter.] 

Have students create questions dealing with a class topic & post the question to ChatGPT.  Have the students use predefined criteria to evaluate AI responses.  Incorporate critical thinking, ethical considerations, methods (language model used/data sources) & prompt skill development. 

Anders also suggests that “student do part of the writing process in class.” 

Teachers should try out their assignments using ChatGPT.  If ChatGPT can complete the assignment, perhaps the assignment needs revision.

Ask ChatGPT: What are some active learning methods to teach __ [insert your class topic]___. It will give you suggestions


Cannity, D. (2022, December 28).  From email to INSTECH discussion list on Chat GPT. (Used with permission- Condensed by Ilene Frank). Suggestions for dealing with ChatGPT:’s output detector at  Use this tool to evaluate the possibility that text was written by Chat GPT. 

Use assignments that are very specific or unique -  and recent.  Chat GPT’s data is about a year old.  (As of December 2022).

Ask questions that ChatGPT can’t discuss. It is programmed (for now) to avoid controversial topics.

Focus on process questions: “Which applies better and why” or “explain the statement and why you think it means that” or which solution to a problem is more appropriate and why.”

Engage students in activities that bots can’t experience and consider application essays “What I learned by doing X”.

Scaffold work so that written papers are only a component of the final assessment.

Involve ChatGPT: Ask students to generate a paper and use their knowledge about the topic to correct it – including identifying and correcting misinformation, including citations.

“As a fun test, I also gave the prompt "What should instructors do to prevent cheating using ChatGPT?" to ChatGPT, and this is the response it gave:

“ChatGPT is a chatbot that uses natural language processing (NLP) to generate responses based on a given prompt. It could potentially be used to cheat on exams or assignments by generating answers to questions. Here are some strategies that instructors can use to prevent cheating using ChatGPT or other similar tools:

1.      Make it clear that cheating, including the use of chatbots or other AI tools, is not acceptable and will result in consequences.

2.      Use a variety of assessments, such as open-book exams, take-home exams, or oral exams, to make it more difficult for students to cheat.

3.      Use plagiarism detection software, such as Turnitin, to detect copied work and ensure that students are submitting their own original work.

4.      Monitor students closely during exams to ensure that they are not using ChatGPT or other technologies to cheat.

5.      Consider using proctored exams, in which a proctor monitors students during the exam to prevent cheating.

6.      Educate students about the consequences of cheating and the importance of academic integrity.


Charlie’s Lessons. (2022, December 14). ChatGPT Teacher Tutorial: AI for your ESL class!  YouTube. 

Examples of using ChatGPT to produce formal, more informal text and then asking ESL students to describe the differences in use of language. Includes an example of using to analyze the texts produced by ChatGPT.


Contact Nord.  AI in Higher Education 

            Background on AI in higher education; Learning experiences, course creation and learner support; assessment; academic

            policies  and concerns, etc.


CUNY Graduate Center. (2-23, January 24).   ChatGPT guidance for the CUNY classroom.


D'Augstino, S. (2023, January 12). ChatGPT advice academics can use now. Inside Higher Ed. 


D'Augstine, S. (2023, January 31).  Designing assignments in the ChatGPT era.  Inside Higher Ed. (Refers to the Sentient Syllabus Project by Boris Steipe, and  Marc Watkins, Ethan Mollick, Anna Mills)


Dahl, Barry.  (2023, February 6).  The history of D2L according to ChatGPT and three alternatives/  [D2L is a learning management system e Canvas, Blackboard, etc.  Dahl compared information about D2L using ChatGPT,  Chatsonic, Perplexity, and Playground (OpenAI).  The prompt: Create a history of the founding and development of Desire2Learn, or D2L, an LMS company based in Canada. Include at least 3 citations.]


Domínguez, Alice (2023, March 22).  We can’t keep ChatGPT out of the classroom, so let’s address the ‘why’ behind our fearsEdSurge. “I asked students to enter the same essay prompt they’d written back in October into ChatGPT, then compare their work to ChatGPT’s instant essay. They scored ChatGPT’s work using the same College Board rubric their essays were evaluated against. Once they were done scoring, the students determined that the computer was no match, confirming that it lacked the specificity, musicality and soul that their writing exhibits.“


Donahoe, Emily Pitts @EmPittsDonahoe. (2023, February 10). My students and I talked about ChatGPT in my first-year writing course...  A Twitter thread/ Dr. Pitts Donahue describes introducing ChatGPT to her writing students and asks them to try it out and give their impressions - and develop a classroom policy around use of AI. 

Eaton, Lance. (2023).  General AI & Education Workshop Resource list  (2023) and Youtube video summarizing talks he's been giving on AI and education. More from Lance Eaton on developing an AI policy with his students: 

Herft, A. @herfteducator.[Andrew Herft]  A teacher's prompt guide to ChatGPT: aligned with "what works best." 
Suggestions for teaching with ChatGPT aligned with CESE NSW's [Centre for Education Statistics and Evaluation. New South Wales] "What Works Best" 


Horn, Michael B. & Daniel Curtis. To teach better writing, don't ban artificial intelligence. Instead, embrace it.  Education Next. 


JISC. National Centre for AI (2023).   A generative AI primer by Michael Webb. A general introduction to AI and impact of generative AI on education from the "UK digital, data and technology agency focused on tertiary education. Will be updated as necessary.  See their AI Assessment Menu: List of Sources for links to ideas about using AI in the classroom.


Kahl, Arvid. (2023, April 28). Writing with a Nemesis: Using ChatGPT to Strengthen Your Arguments


Kleiman, Glenn M.  (2023, January 5).  Teaching students to write with AI: The SPACE Framework.  Medium


Mills, Anna.  AI Text Generators and Teaching Writing: Starting Points for Inquiry. Includes experimental essays created with OpenAi's GPT-3; Questions for writing teachers to consider; Strategies for mitigating harm... WAC Clearinghouse Repository.

Mills, Anna.  AI Text Generators: Sources to Stimulate Discussion among Teachers.  

Mills, AnnaChatGPT in the Workplace (for faculty/administrators) 

Mills, Anna.  Critical AI literacy and critical assessment module. Draft Canvas module

Mills, Anna.  How should writing pedagogy evolve as AI text generators improve?  Google Slides. Openly licensed.

Mills, Anna. An idea for teaching students to critique AI outputs while teaching research and summary skills. [AI-generated summaries of academic papers sometimes don't match the abstracts.]  YouTube.


Mollick, Ethan.  (2023, March 17). Using AI to make teaching easier & more impactful.  One Useful Thing


Ofgang, E. (2022, December).  What is ChatGPT and how can you teach with it?  Tips & tricks.  TechLearning. 


Registre, J.(2022, December 31). AI just KILLED traditional language learning (ChatGPT)  YouTube 


Schroeder, Ray.  AI in higher education metasite.  Includes definitions of terms related to generative AI, some apps to try.   


Share, Perry.  Generative AI & higher education: A guide to resources A Google doc with general information on AI, resources for educators, student perspectives, using AI for faculty research - and more

Trust, Torrey.  ChatGPT & Education  A Google doc that Includes what ChatGPT can do along with caveats and a list with links to additional resources. Examples of resources: A Wakelet on Artificial Intelligence in Education (Kira Brennan); ChatGPT through an education lens


Williams, Damien P. (2022, December 5).   "Generate a GPTChat output on [ topic(s)], then expand on and correct the output with specific references and citations from class readings and lectures.  Turn in the prompt, the original, and your corrections as your full submission."  



More Teaching Techniques

Adapting Your Assignments

Doug Holton suggests

  1. Check for AI-generated text 

  1. Most likely, you will be able to tell if a student uses AI-generated text the same way you can with other plagiarized text, as the writing style will be different. There are tools, however, that can help with detecting AI-generated text, but they are easy to beat. 



  1. Synchronous Teaching & Learning 

  1. If teaching face-to-face or synchronous, you can see the students while they do the work, thus there is much less chance of them using an AI tool. 

  1. 2-stage and group exams – have students work on problems in pairs or groups during class. 



  1. Show the Process 

  1. Instead of having students submit a final product, such as homework answers or a paper, have them submit something that reveals the process they used to create that product. Examples: 

  1. Google Docs & Microsoft Word online show the editing history, so you can see if they just pasted in text generated elsewhere. 

  1. Microsoft Flip is a video discussion board. Students can also record videos in a regular Canvas discussion board. You could have students record videos explaining how they solved a math or science problem, for example. 

  1. Authentic Assessment 

  1. Convert your assignments or activities to be more like real-world tasks. Some resources: 


  2. Open Pedagogy – students can create openly-licensed resources, such as videos, flyers, pressbooks 



  1. Incorporate AI Tools into Your Activities 

  1. One rule of thumb is to try to think about how or if this task would be done in the real world or workplace. Would they use an AI tool to help them do some task? Then let students use it, too. Of course, that may not always be feasible or desirable. 

  1. An AI tool can act as a learning assistant or student exemplar. You or your students can generate an initial answer or text via AI, and then discuss how to improve it or compare it to other writings. 

  1. Examples:  ?

ChatGPT suggests soom writing assignments

Prompt given to ChatGPT - February 28, 2023. 

Can you suggest some writing projects using ChatGPT for undergraduate college students taking an English Composition course?

Certainly! Here are some potential writing projects using ChatGPT for undergraduate college students taking an English Composition course:

  1. Writing prompts: Create a list of writing prompts for your classmates to use with ChatGPT. These prompts could include topics like "What are the pros and cons of social media?" or "What is the future of renewable energy?" Students can use ChatGPT to generate ideas and develop their responses.
  2. Argumentative essay: Assign an argumentative essay in which students use ChatGPT to explore opposing viewpoints. For example, students could write an essay arguing for or against the use of artificial intelligence in healthcare, and use ChatGPT to help them understand the arguments on both sides.
  3. Personal narrative: Ask students to write a personal narrative using ChatGPT as a tool for brainstorming and outlining. They can use ChatGPT to generate prompts and ideas for their stories, and then use the tool to help them structure their narrative.  (Potential privacy problem with this one!  Personal information remains in the system) 
  4. Research paper: Assign a research paper on a topic of the students' choosing. Encourage students to use ChatGPT to help them brainstorm research questions, identify sources, and organize their findings.  (Potential problem! ChatGPT still seems to do a poor job of finding legitimate sources. It is very good at making up sources that seem legitimate. Students could check sources. )
  5. Creative writing: Assign a creative writing project in which students use ChatGPT to generate ideas and prompts for their stories or poems. For example, they could use the tool to generate a list of potential characters, settings, or plot twists.
  6. Interview project: Have students conduct an interview with ChatGPT, and use the responses as the basis for a research or creative writing project. They could interview the AI about a variety of topics, such as its capabilities, its ethical implications, or its impact on society.
  7. Reflection essay: Ask students to reflect on their experiences using ChatGPT throughout the semester. They could write an essay discussing how the tool has helped them develop their writing skills, or reflecting on the ethical implications of using AI in writing.

Overall, there are many potential writing projects using ChatGPT that could be used in an English Composition course. Encouraging students to use the tool to generate ideas, explore opposing viewpoints, and structure their writing can help them develop their skills as writers and critical thinkers.

In the age of AI, what skills will be valued?

A tweet from Mark Cuban to Sam Altman and Lex Fridman 

"... the only way for chatgpt to improve its accuracy is for those humans to have domain knowledge. Given the unlimited coverage of the models, this could be an employment boon for liberal arts majors as prompt engineers training models. Is it conceivable that people with funky liberal arts majors see their wages skyrocket in the near future training private and commercial models? March 26, 2023

Mollick, Ethan. Magic for English majors.  One Useful Thing

"... Getting ChatGPT to do anything involves narratives...Thus, we need people who have deep or broad knowledge of unusual fields to use AI in ways that others cannot, developing unique and valuable prompts and testing the limits of how they work..."