The open education movement began in the late 1990s with the first major initiative coming from MIT.
Open-access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. This removes the price barrier. The bills to access this material are not paid by readers. From Peter Suber at http://www.earlham.edu~peters/fos/overiew.htm..
An institutional repository is "an online locus for collecting, preserving, and disseminating - in digital form - the intellectual output of an institution, particularly a research institution." (Wikipedia)
Open Access Courses and Massively Open Online Courses (MOOCs) can be either where non-enrolled students follow enrolled students during the semester. Non-enrolled students usually do not receive credit for taking an open course. The OERU is a consortium of universities worldwide looking for a way to provide college credit for completing open courses.
Learning Objects: ...not necessarily an entire course or textbook, but smaller bits of learning materials suchas a simulation for a math equation, a module on fair use, a quiz, etc.
What You Need to Know About MOOC's in The Chronicle of Higher Education (8/22/12) compiles basic information for faculty, about MOOC's.
Faculty Opinions on OERs - Babyson Survey Research Group. Among other results, "Faculty judge the quality of OER to be roughly equivalent to that of traditional educational resources. Among faculty who do offer an opinion, three-quarters rank OER quality as the same as or better than traditional resources."
DOAJ: Directory of Open Access Journals hosted by Lund University Libraries; contains >8300 titles and >920,000 articles. Since 2003, is the most comprehensive searchable index of free scientific and scholarly content in full-text format. Coverage in the arts, humanities, and social sciences has been added. Authoritative choice for users needing immediate access to peer-reviewed content.
ESJ (European Scientific Journal): "Every month, three issues of the ESJ are uploaded on our website, embracing different academic disciplines and facilitating the cutting edge concepts of interdisciplinarity, multidisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity. They are:
The Journal has a peer review process and solicits papers.
These Open Access Journals May be Bogus
As more and more electronic journals are becoming open access, unfortunately there are some in the electronic publishing world that are just looking to make money from bogus ventures. Jeffrey Beall, Librarian at Auraria Library, University of Colorado (Denver) maintains a listing of journals that are "suspect." Scholars beware!
Additional credit for research on this Open Access Resources page goes to Ilene Frank, formerly USF Tampus Campus University Librarian and now Adjunct Librarian at several HCC campuses. Ilene has an extensive background in libraries and is also currently Director of Library Services for the University of the People "the world's first tuition free university."