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ENC1101/ENC1102 Plant City and MacDill: Richmond - ENC1101 Cause & Effect

This Library Guide (Research Guide) is to be utilized as a general resource for the English Composition (ENC) classes offered at HCC Plant City Campus.

Cause & Effect Research Paper


Research Tips: Use this research guide page to help you narrow keyword search terms, figure out which database to use, refresh about the difference between scholarly and non scholarly academic sources.  If you have questions, please refer to the I Need Help page for contact information.  Use the MLA Citation Guides page on this LibGuide for citation writing information.

Plant City Library Search

Find Books, Articles, Media, & more:

Keyword Search Term Help

Keyword Search Term Map

When you choose your topic from the list provided, find the main point or idea of your topic.  For example, The decline of marriage rates in America.  You cannot type this into the search box as is.  You must break it down first. 

Main Keyword Search Term:  "marriage" or try "marriage rates"

Second Level Keyword Search Term:  "America"; "United States"

Third Level Keyword Search Term:  decline

Sample Keyword Search Terms to Use

  • "public education" AND "United States" AND decline
  • Fracking
  • "globalization" AND cause
    • best to narrow this topic to a subtopic of interest

    • Such as:  international trade; free trade;

  • "reality TV" OR "Reality Television" AND popularity OR "popular culture"
  • "high school" AND "drop out" OR dropout
  • "heart disease" AND causes OR "heart disease" AND effects
  • "reality shows" OR "reality TV" OR "reality television" AND popularity
  • "reality television shows" AND "popular culture"
  • "television shows" AND violence OR violent
  • movies AND violence OR violent; "movie violence" AND popularity OR "popular culture"
  • "video games" AND violence
  • "World War II" AND causes
  • "World War I" AND effects


Remember to add "university press" to your search term when looking for a book (printed or eBook) published by a University Press for a scholarly resource.

Good Databases to Use

Find Scholarly Articles

The databases listed below are great to use to find a scholarly article on your topic.  Hover over the database title for more information.  Remember, check Full Text and Scholarly (Peer-Reviewed) Journals - magazines are not typically scholarly so even if you have magazine articles that populate in the results, stick with academic journals to be safe.

Authoritative Websites - Decline in Marriage Rates